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5 Main Causes For Heart Attacks

Cardiovascular arrest, more commonly known as a heart attack, happens when flow of blood to the heart is congested. This blockage is an accumulation of cholesterol, fat, and other such substances. These form a panel in the coronary arteries, the arteries feeding the heart.

This panel deteriorates away eventually and forms a clot. As a result, the disturbed flow of blood can destroy or damage fragments of heart muscles.

A myocardial infarction, another name for heart attack, often proves to be fatal. Therefore, it is vital that if you feel like you might be having a heart attack that you call emergency medical help immediately! 

Signs and Symptoms

The symptoms and signs of heart attack include:

  • Nausea, heartburn, indigestion, or abdominal pain
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Pressure, pain, tightness, or an aching in the chest or arms that can spread throughout the jaw, back, or neck
  • Fatigue
  • Cold sweat
  • Sudden dizziness or lightheadedness

Causes of a Heart Attack

The 5 major causes of heart attacks are as follows:

High Cholesterol

The main cause of a heart attack is high levels of cholesterol. Every person has cholesterol in their body, but it is a matter of whether you have high levels of bad or good cholesterol that impacts your health. High levels of bad, LDL, cholesterol raises the heart attack risk via the hardening of arteries. When the arteries harden, they get blocked, leading to a heart attack.

High Blood Pressure

Hypertension or the high blood pressure raises your risk for many health issues, one of which is the risk of a heart attack. High blood pressure can come from the arties being clogged by cholesterol, fat, and other elements that force the blood through a narrower pathway. The heart must work harder to get the blood to pump to it, leading to an overworked heart. An overworked heart has a greater risk of a heart attack. 

Heart attack is very common in people with higher blood pressure and who don’t properly treat it.


Having diabetes increases the risk for heart attack. Diabetes is linked by research to heart attack, because both health issues are results of many of the same health factors. 

Diabetes is quite prevalent in people struggling with obesity and unhealthy eating habits. Heart attacks are prevalent in a similar set of people as well.

This also means that both these issues can be prevented by implementing the same dietary and lifestyle changes. These changes primarily revolve around eating the right food. Food should be highly nutritious. This means your diet should consist of vegetables, fruit, organic meats, and other high vitamin foods.


Surgeons who deal in cardiovascular arrests have observed that heart arrhythmias are often precursors to heart attacks and signify many other heart diseases. 

In heart arrhythmia, the heart doesn’t have a steady rhythm. The beating may be unbalanced, meaning they can be faster or slower than normal. The speed can even fluctuate. This influences the amount of blood being pumped to the heart. This unsteady rhythm can tire out the heart, making it more prone to heart attacks.

Congestive Heart Failure

In congestive heart failure is a condition in which the pumping power of the heart muscles is weak. This is due to a build up of fluids around the heart. Unlike high blood pressure which tends to affect the blood traveling to the heart more, congestive heart failure tends to be focused on the heart’s ability to send blood to the body.

Being aware of some of the main causes of a heart attack can help you take the necessary steps to prevent it. But if you suspect you have any of these issues, it is best to consult a doctor about the best way to combat these issues rather than self-medicating. Although you are pretty safe to add more vitamins into your diet. Vitamins a necessary for the maintenance and development of all aspects of the body.

To learn more about what vitamins specially aid in heart attack prevention, check out (whatever).

References: (2018). Heart attack. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 Dec. 2018].

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